Institute of Museum and Library Services Other articles where National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses is discussed: Mary Mahoney: …ANA), she later joined the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) and addressed its first annual convention in Boston (1909). In their discussion of the evolvement of the New York Black Nurses Association, which was loosely formed in Spring, 1971, members forcefully pointed out that: “Pandas from China were better housed, fed and cared for than Black Americans; and that the USA passes out moon rocks instead of bread.” Deeply concerned about such inequities, in October, 1971, the New York, BNA held its first annual conference with the theme: “The Unliberated Black Nurse Community.” Three years later, due to the influence of some of the same nurse leaders from California, New York City, Indiana, and Ohio, these two goals became the cornerstone for the founding of the National Black Nurses Association. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was organized in 1908 when a group of fifty-two graduate nurses met in New York City. The following members are the original trustees of the National Black Nurses Association: Dr. Lauranne Sams, Dr. Mary Harper, Mattie Johnson, Betty Jo Davison, Gloria Rookard, Ethelrine Shaw, Betty Smith Williams and Doris Wilson. Betty Smith Williams, Interim Chairman of the Constitution and By-laws Committee had drafted the first copy of the Constitution and By-laws in April, 1972. Broadfoot had been a member of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses for 15 years acting as recording secretary for 4 years. Organized in 1908 to achieve higher professional standards, end discriminatory practices against black nurses, and develop leadership among black nurses. Mahoneys pioneering spirit has been recognized with numerous awards and memorials. Collaborate with other black groups to compile archives relevant to the historical, current, and future activities of black nurses. John, Alma, 1906-1986. If you are visiting our non-English version and want to see the English version of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, please scroll down to the bottom and you will see the meaning of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses in English language.   The primary goals of the two associations were to unite black nurses to influence health care services for black people and to promote the inclusion of blacks in nursing education and nursing leadership positions. ... the complete article (314K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Guide to the Scholarly Resources microfilm edition. Major health interest groups and governmental agencies believe this and move to act on it for the betterment of the nation. Mary Eliza Mahoney was born on May 7th, in 1845. Collection, 1915-1985. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. Twenty years after the dissolution of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGH), which marked the end of one era in the fight of black nurses for equality and access to membership in ANA, there emerged again an urgent need for another national nursing organization with a primary goal of placing the black nurse in the mainstream of professional nurses. SECTION C: NURSES ESTELLE MASSEY RIDDLE, R.N., M.A. Act as a change agent in restructuring existing institutions and/or helping to establish institutions to suit our needs. 38 Articles from Journal of the National Medical Association are provided here courtesy of National Medical Association. Martha Minerva Franklin founded the association. Osborne would eventually go on to become president of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. [2] They unanimously voted to approve the following motion made by Betty Smith Williams: “I move that we establish the National Black Nurses Association.” The first convention of black nurses was held in Boston in 1909. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was organized in 1908 when a group of fifty-two graduate nurses met in New York City. A critical issue identified by this group of courageous black nurses was the need to develop a systematic way of maintaining contact with each other and to identify other black nurses interested in discussing common goals, problems, needs, and ideas. THE 70’S: THE BEGINNING YEARS Recruit, counsel and assist black persons interested in nursing to insure a constant procession of blacks in the field. Phyllis Jenkins from New York City was assigned to the Northeast group, Anita Small, from Miami, convened nurses from the southeast, and Ethelrine Shaw and Dr. Lauranne Sams took charge of nurses from the Midwest area. Twenty years after the dissolution of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGH), which marked the end of one era in the fight of black nurses for equality and access to membership in ANA, there emerged again an urgent need for another national nursing organization with a primary goal of placing the black nurse in the mainstream of professional nurses. Participating in this very important forum provided our founding members with the unique opportunity and the support to go about the business of establishing the National Balck Nurses Association. Get this from a library! Through the war years, the NACGN worked tirelessly to interpret the needs of black nurses and led a vigorous campaign to end discrimination in the field. Speakers included: Arthur Grist, National Chairman of the Black Caucus of the American Public Health Association; E. Lorraine Baugh, who, at that time was the Executive Director of Nursing Education Opportunities in Boston, Massachusetts, Doris Mosley, Research  Associate at Teachers College at Columbia University, Anita Small, representing the newly formed Miami Black Nursing Association, and Betty Smith Williams, the founding president of the Council of Black Nurses, Los Angeles. This organization attempted to uplift the standards and everyday lives of African-American registered nurses. Mattiedna K. Johnson, Phyllis Davis, Mattie Watkins, and Florrie Jefferson. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was founded in 1908 by Martha M. Franklin; its first annual meeting was held in Boston in 1909. As early as 1942, the National League of Nursing Education had set a precedent by changing its by-laws. This caucus session resulted in the establishment of a Steering Committee, chaired by Dr. Lauranne Sams. In 1949 at the NACGN convention in Louisville, Kentucky, the NACGN unanimously accepted the suggestion of the American Nurses Association (ANA) that NACGN functions be taken over by the ANA and that its program be expanded for the complete integration of black nurses. (Unknown). Over Twenty-five years later, the above philosophy and purposes and goals continue to guide the work of the National Black Nurses Association. 1892-1978. Series 1. Mahoney joined another esteemed gr… Her birthplace was in Dorchester in Massachusetts. Be the vehicle for unification of black nurses of varied age groups, educational levels and geographic locations to insure continuity and flow of our common heritage. In 1918, the U.S. Secretary of War authorized a call to Colored nurses to come into national service. Furthermore, black nurses who were members of ANA felt that their unique needs, as well as the serious health care needs of black people, were not being adequately addressed by ANA. When headquarters in the YWCA were closed, Belle Davis, the executive secretary of the National Health Circle for Colored People provided space at her organization's office. PHILOSOPHY National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1958. ; Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture.] We are still …       Other speakers during this first symposium included Congressman Charles C. Diggs, Jr., from Michigan’s 13thCongressional District and the first Chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus. During August 5 and 6, 1972, the NBNA Steering Committee met in Chicago, Illinois to discuss operational procedures, Constitution and By-laws, public relations activities, regional and national program activities, membership promotion, funding issues and, most importantly, incorporation. In 1968 and 1969, black nurse leaders in Los Angeles and San Francisco, respectively, who had visions of a better health care system for black people, where black nurses and other nurses of color played a prominent role in that system. (Unknown). MISSION, ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURE Eans, Pauline B. Black nurses were no exception. Add to My List Edit this Entry Rate it: (0.00 / 0 votes) Translation Find a translation for National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses in other languages: Select another language: - Select - 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified) Compile and maintain a national Directory of Black Nurses to assist with the dissemination of information regarding black nurses and nursing on national an local levels by the use of all media. These two organizations advance the standards of nursing and develop leadership within the ranks of Black nurses. Eans, Pauline B. From the guide to the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1958, (The New York Public Library. Standing: Gloria Rookard, Betty Jo Davidson, Mary Harper, Doris Wilson Mattiedna K. Johnson, Phyllis Davis, Mattie Watkins, and Florrie Jefferson. It is important to note that at the symposium, the Miami Black Nurses Association gave a donation to NBNA to aid in organizing all black nurses into a cohesive national body. Her parents were initially slaves in North Carolina and that they had moved to reside in Boston after being freed. SNAC is a discovery service for persons, families, and organizations found within archival collections at cultural heritage institutions. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses was founded On this day in history, August 25,1908, the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was founded by Martha Minerva Franklin. Standing: Gloria Rookard, Betty Jo Davidson, Mary Harper, Doris Wilson. This was an organization dedicated to promoting the standards and welfare of Black nurses and breaking down racial discrimination in the profession. The meeting was sponsored by the Lincoln School for Nurses Alumnae Association. Ms. Ethelrine Shaw was appointed Chairperson and Dr. Lauranne Sams, Betty Smith Williams and Janice E. Ruffin were appointed Task Force members. Seeking the benefits of a professional organization denied them by the ANA, a group of African-American nurses, led by Martha Franklin of Philadelphia, met in New York in 1908 to form the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN). found: Report of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, 1921 : t.p. She achieved her goal in 1946 when the American Nursing Association began to … Petrash, Antonia. The specific goal of the Affirmative Action Task Force was to develop an action plan and program to ensure effective and ongoing participation of black and other minorities in the total program of ANA (Affirmative Action in Action, American Nurse Association, 1974).     During the late 1960’s and early 1970’s, the climate for blacks throughout urban America was one of coming together to express pride in their identity, to demand equality, to fight against racism and discrimination and to seek power locally and nationally. In 1928, she founded and edited the NACGN's official newsletter, The National News Bulletin. Evelyn Tomes African American nursing video collection, 1970s-1994. African-American organizations. This award is given to nurses or groups of nurses who promote integration within their field. An important breakthrough was the passage of the Bolton Act (1943) which provided for the training of nurses for the armed forces, government and civilian hospitals, health agencies, and war industries through grants to institutions providing such training. It is important to note here that during this same time, several of our founding members were also pushing for greater representation and involvement of blacks and other minorities in the programs of the American Nurses Association (ANA). If Mabel did not fight the injustices to black nurses and citizens when she did, we might still have the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses and the American Nurses Association. Our Founders The purposes of the new organization were enumerated in its Certificate of Incorporation. (Williams,1976). ), Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c00xnx, National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses.       This historic occasion was the beginning of the National Black Nurses Association as the professional organization for all black nurses across the nation! Community » Associations. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. A year later, on December 18-19, 1971, 18 black nurses from across the country met at the home of Dr. Mary Harper, in Cleveland, Ohio. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses.       As with any new organization the beginning years of the National Black Nurses Association were devoted to developing and agreeing upon an appropriate philosophy and mission, organizational structure, Constitution and By-laws and operating procedures. Copyright © 2020, National Black Nurses Association, INC. It was her charge to spearhead the effort of identifying ways to keep in touch with the nurses present at the Miami meeting and to seek ways for future dialogue with other black nurses. Included in the historic letter announcing the establishment of the national Black Nurses Association was the following Statement of Philosophy and Purposes and Objectives: Tomes, Evelyn K. (Evelyn Kennedy). It was during the final symposium, which was held on May 4, 1972 that the structure for the National Black Nurses Association began to emerge. The NBNA Steering Committee expanded and individuals in the audience were divided into regional groups fro discussion and action strategies for organizing locally. Recognizing that a major concern of the organization was to increase the number of black nurses in the country, the founders believed that incorporating all levels of black nurses into the organization would place them in a better position to influence all nursing education programs in which black students were enrolled, as well as the caliber of all nursing services provided to black consumers. WorldCat record id: 239832378. Medical » Nursing. Bullock worked to increase communication and community among black nurses. Although NACGN Chi Eta Phi Nursing Sorority had made tremendous inroads in removing some of the barriers for membership in ANA, black nurses in the late 60’s and early 70’s still had very little presence and influence in the leadership of the American Nurses Association. In 1908, Mahoney co-founded the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) with Adah B. Thoms. National Archives and Records Administration. Realizing that this situation was no longer acceptable, black nurses attending the 47thconvention of the American Nurses Association in Miami, Florida in 1970, “caucused” to discuss these issues, as well as to identify and discuss other common interests and concerns. By 1948 only nine states and the District of Columbia still barred black nurses. It was determined that through the regional areas, black nurses would be receiving feedback and would have the opportunity for direct input in planning for regional and national meetings and program activities. Black nurses may not have gotten those chances till much later, or not even. Yet, Black Americans, along with other minority groups in our society, are by design or neglect, excluded from the means to achieve access to the health mainstream of America. The first quota of fifty-six black nurses for the U.S. Army was announced in 1942; at the end of the war the Army had commissioned over five-hundred black nurses. The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation In 1970, the Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay Area black Nurses Association met and planned the first statewide conference of black nurses. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses was a professional organization for African American nurses founded in 1908. Congressman Diggs reported on the National Black Political Convention held in Gary, Indiana, in March, 1972, that brought together over 10,000 blacks from across the country. On February 28, 1972, letters from Dr. Lauranne Sams were sent to friends and colleagues of the newly formed National Black Nurses Association, clearly describing the seriousness of the founders in forging ahead to make the association a reality for black nurses. The program was carried forward with community assistance and financial support from NACGN's membership. Name Components. The act stated that there would be no discrimination in the administration of benefits and thus brought about an increase in the number of black nursing students in the country. The association awarded her life membership in 1911 and elected her its national chaplain. In 1918 temporary headquarters were established in New York City through the courtesy of the 137th Street Young Women's Christian Association. The following officers and committee chairmen of the Interim Steering Committee were selected: The founding members of the National Black Nurses Association recognized that in order to make a difference in the quality of life in our communities, black nurses across the nation had to take the lead. The conference attracted black nurses from places as far away as Miami, Florida and New York City. Through their diligence and efforts, the ANA 1972 House of Delegates passed a resolution mandating the establishment of the Affirmative Action Task Force. In 1934 a conference was held in New York City to determine a future course of action for the NACGN. One month later, on September 6, 1972, in Canton, Ohio, Betty Jo Davison, Gloria M. Rookard and Doris A. Wilson, appeared before Cuff C. Brogdon, Notary Public, for the State of Ohio, and signed the official Articles of Incorporation of the National Black Nurses Association, Inc.! Freedman Hospital Washington D.C., 1943 *On this date in 1908, the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was founded. Evelyn Tomes African American Nursing Video Collection, ca. The main reason for their shift was to live in an area with less discrimination. Interim officers were elected and committee chairs were selected from the above group of black nurses. The award continues to be awarded today by the American Nurses Association. tion from a recognized nursing school. Present among the officers and executive board of the NACGN were representatives of the American Nurses' Association, the National Organization for Public Health Nursing, the National League of Nursing Education, the New York State Board of Nurse Examiners, the Julius Rosenwald Fund, the National Health Circle for Colored People, and the National Medical Association. National Library of Medicine, Emory University Library, Special Collect Department, Discrimination in employment--United States, African American nurses--History--20th century--Sources. Twenty-six attended at the invitation of Mary Mahoney, the first black professionally trained nurse in the country. Meeting the challenges in Los Angeles were two visionary leaders, Betty Smith Williams and Barbara Johnson. Martha Franklin of Connecticut, a graduate of the school of nursing of the Woman's Hospital of Philadelphia, spearheaded the development of the organization. One of her goals as a leader of this organization was to eliminate the need for separate organizations. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1958. Define and determine nursing care for black consumers for optimum quality of care acting as their advocates. The founding of the National Black Nurses Association (NBNA) in 1971 marked a significant milestone in the history of black nurses in the United States, particularly in relation to their association with the American Nurses Association (ANA).   WorldCat record id: 239832359, From the description of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1951 [microform]. Name : (National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, NACGN) The executive board employed a nurse executive with a grant from the Rosenwald Fund, and an executive secretary was hired to implement a day-to-day program. Mabel Keaton Staupers papers, 1943-1983 (bulk 1951-1975). The AHA further honored Mahoney in 1976 by inducting her into their Hall of Fame. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division. Members were nurses who had graduated from a training program. More than petticoats; remarkable Connecticut women By continuing to use our site, you accept our use of cookies, Bibliographic and Digital Archival Resources. NACGN stands for National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. Only two months after the first historic meeting in Cleveland, the founding members had agreed on the philosophical statement, goals and objectives as well as the initial “ charter donation “ of $10,000 per member in preparation for formalizing the national association. During the same period the Federal government was taking other steps to increase the numbers of and opportunities for black nurses. NBNA National Initiative on Violence Reduction, DCH Introduces New Breast Milk Program To Save Premature Babies, 2019 NBNA and NIH All Of Us Research Initiative. The goals of the new organization were: to achieve higher professional standards, to break down discriminatory practices facing black nurses, and to develop leadership among black nurses. 1930-1977.         Provision for the enjoyment of optimal health is the birthright of every American. One of the first black members of the Nurses Associated Alumnae of the United States and Canada (subsequently renamed the American Nurses Association, or ANA), she later joined the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) and addressed its first annual convention in … Maddux, Walter H., ca. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1951.. [National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. Staupers, Mabel Keaton, 1890-. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was organized in 1908 when a group of fifty-two graduate nurses met in New York City. Home Directory National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) Verified. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses was a professional organization for African American nurses founded in 1908. Mrs. Broadfoot was the primary organizer of the NCACGN, and was its president for 8 years (1923-1931). President, National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, New York City NUMBER, SOURCE, AND DISTRI-BUTION OF NEGRO NURSES According to the 1930 census, there were 5,000 Negro graduate registered nurses in the United States. 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